A schedule agreement contains details of a delivery schedule but a contract
just contains quantity and price information and no details of specific delivery
What's the difference between schedulling agreement with normal order? What's the condition for us to choose schedule line or order?
Both of them contains schedule line, price, quantity.
There are a couple major differences:
(1) - Schedule agreements allow you to have 2 different sets of schedule
lines (VBEP-ABART). Standard SAP you should have two sets of tabs - of schedule
lines. One Forecast & the other JIT. Forecast forwards the schedule lines to
planning (seen in MD04) and JIT passes them to shipping (VL10). They can be
identical or different. Typically these are used for component supplier
customers (namely Automotive). The customer will provide you 4-10 weekly buckets
Monday date) of future forecast qtys. Also send you 1-2 weeks of individual FIRM
ship dates - which are entered on the JIT. It comes down to the customer not
knowing exactly what they need next week, but they don't want to suprise you
with a large order qty, where your lead times are 5+ days. The forecasted qtys
they sent last week should account for this.
(2) Cumulative Quantities are tracked and influence how the schedule
agreement passes requirements to both forecasting and shipping. These qtys are
sometimes requested by the customer on ASNs. Cumulative qtys reset at year end
unless you've got a customer calendar or you've modified standard SAP userexits
to not reset.
Schedule agreements are very nice when the customer sends EDI data (830s =
forecast or 862s = JITs). Outside of that they can really cause trouble
regarding daily maintenance, missing requirements, cum qty corrections, year end
One alternative would be to use customer independent requirements - entering the
weekly, monthly forecasting qtys and entering standard sales orders (with or
without multiple schedule lines) to represent the true firm qtys.