Planning separately via Storage Location or Vendor with
Steps 1 :-
You must convert the existing planning file (table MDVM) to the new planning file (table DBVM)
in order to be able to use MRP areas in materials requirements planning. Transaction OM0F.
1. During the conversion, the system creates a plant MRP area for every plant.
2. The existing planning file entries are copied from the planning file used up to now into
the new planning file.
3. The system deletes the planning file that had been used up to now after the conversion has
4. At client level, the indicator Planning file entries for MRP area converted is set in a
system table. This indicator causes material requirements planning to be carried out using
planning file entries at MRP area level from this point onwards.
5. The report also converts the individual customer planning file entries at plant level to
individual customer planning file entries at MRP area level.
Steps 2 :-
Activate MRP Area in SM30 - T000MD.
(Material requirements planning with MRP areas cannot be reversed once activated).
Steps 3 :-
During conversion in Steps 1, SAP will automatically create a MRP area for all your existing
Now, you can start creating the MRP area for storage location or vendor to be planned
separately. That's is the whole purpose for using MRP area.
Define MRP Area in SM30 - V_MDLV.
Here you define whether the MRP area type :-
01 - Plant
02 - Storage Location
03 - Vendor
Steps 4 :-
In Material Master MRP 1, the MPR area section will appear once you successfully complete
the above Steps.
Assign MRP Areas to Materials
You assign the MRP areas to the materials by creating an MRP area segment for each MRP area
in the material master. You can assign several MRP areas to one material.
MRP with MRP areas for the material is not activated until an MRP area has been assigned to
a material. If you have not assigned an MRP area to a material, that is, you have not created
an MRP area segment in the material master, the material will continue to be planned in the
plant MRP area only. If you have assigned an MRP area to the material, the system can plan it
in the plant MRP area and in the assigned MRP area.
You can display an overview for all materials in an MRP area. To do this, you go into
Customizing for MRP and choose the IMG activity Define MRP areas. Call up an MRP area by
double-clicking and choose Material overview for MRP area.
Steps 5 :-
Check Storage Locations
If you have already entered a storage location in the BOM (BOM item), in the work center
(supply area) or in the production version, you should check whether this storage location
is the storage location for the MRP area that you have assigned in the material master.
The materials are assigned to an MRP area via the storage location that the system
determines during the planning run. You should therefore check the storage locations that
you have maintained in the material master. The storage location in the material master
must be a storage location for the MRP area, for which you have created an MRP area segment
in the material master. You can therefore ensure that material requirements planning will
be carried out for the correct MRP area
The MRP area represents an organizational unit for which material requirements planning is
carried out independently.
Basically, there are three types of MRP area:
Plant MRP Area
The plant MRP area initially contains the plant together with all its storage locations and
stock with subcontractors.
When you have defined MRP areas for storage locations and for subcontractors and you have
assigned the materials, the plant MRP area is reduced by exactly this number of subcontractors
and storage locations. This is because they are now to be planned separately.
MRP Areas for Storage Locations
You can define an MRP area that consists of a particular storage location, by creating an MRP
area and assigning the storage location to it. Material requirements for this storage location
are then planned separately from the rest of the plant.
You can also group several storage locations into one MRP area, by creating an MRP area and
assigning the storage locations to it. These storage locations are then planned together.
A storage location of a plant may be assigned to only one MRP area.
MRP Areas for Subcontractors
You can also define an MRP area for each subcontractor.
A subcontractor may be assigned to only one MRP area.
An MRP area of the subcontractor type may also only contain one subcontractor.
MRP areas of the storage location or subcontractor type are only suitable for:
1. components that are planned and produced for stock
2. finished products that are planned and produced for stock.
By assigning a storage location in a sales order or by entering an MRP area when creating
the planned independent requirements, you can define whether a material is planned in the
plant MRP area or in the MRP area of the storage location.
Material requirements planning for each MRP area allows you to have specific control over
the staging and procurement of parts produced in-house and purchased parts for each shop
floor and assembly area. If, for example, you define an MRP area for the production
storage location of an assembly line, the system plans the material requirements for the
assembly line separately from all other requirements.
You can also carry out planning for components to be provided in subcontracting using an
MRP area by defining an MRP area for every subcontractor and assigning the components to be
provided to the MRP area of the subcontractor. You therefore plan the requirements to be
provided for these components for one subcontractor separately from all other requirements.
Depending on the requirements situation, the system creates either stock transfer reservations
from the plant to the stock of material provided of the subcontractor or it creates purchase
requisitions within subcontracting/third-party order processing, according to the special
procurement key settings.
The planning run takes into account the planning with MRP areas as follows:
If you do not enter a separate scope of planning, the system plans the whole plant, that is,
all MRP areas in the plant, during the total planning run. If you want to carry out a total
planning run for a particular MRP area only, you must specify the required MRP area in the
scope of planning.
During single-item, multi-level planning, the system plans the selected material in the MRP
area entered. In addition, the system takes into account planning file entries from other
MRP areas, for example, if the material is to be procured using stock transfer.
During single-item, single-level planning, the system plans the selected material in the
MRP area entered only.
You define the MRP areas in Customizing for MRP. You can thereby assign the following to
an MRP area: one or more storage locations (example: you want to carry out planning for a
particular assembly line and therefore assign a production storage location to the MRP area)
You assign the various MRP areas to the materials in the material master. For this, you
create an MRP area segment for a material for every MRP area, in which it is used. In this
MRP area segment, you can define MRP parameters such as, for example, the lot size or MRP
type. This allows you to plan the material differently in the MRP area from how you plan it
in the plant MRP area.
MRP with MRP areas for the material is not activated until the material has been assigned
to an MRP area. If you have not assigned a material to an MRP area, that is, you have
not created an MRP area segment in the material master, the material will continue to
be planned in the plant MRP area only. If you have assigned an MRP area to it, the system
can plan it in the plant MRP area and in the assigned MRP area.