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Sending Emails and SAP Mail Using ABAP- Understanding the Function Module SO_OBJECT_Send -




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Import Parameters Name and Description Field name Field function
Object_hd_change (structure)

Contains the process to be done when SAP mail is marked for execution.

When the Execute Icon in the SAP mail is clicked the corresponding object is executed

vmtyp ‘D’ for dialog module

‘F’ for function module

‘R’ for report

‘T’ for transaction

‘U’ for transaction with export



  Acnam Name of the object which is to be executed, like name of transaction/report
  Skips ‘X’ to execute first screen in background
  Objsns Indicates sensitivity of the object.

‘P’ for private object

‘F’ for functional object

‘O’ for confidential object

‘C’ for company confidential object

Sensitivity level is restricted to ‘O’ for documents in shared folders

  Objla Language of the document

‘E’ for English

sy-langu for system language

  Objnam Name of the document
  Objdes Short description (Title) of the document
  Objsrt Name of the sort field. This is used to group documents based on certain criteria
Object_type

Type of document to be sent with mail

  ‘RAW’ for raw text (default)

‘DOC’ for word file

‘XLS’ for excel file

All classes can be used except for folders (‘FOL’) and distribution lists (‘DLI’)

Outbox_flag   ‘X’ to indicate that mail should also be stored in outbox of the user after sending (default ‘ ‘)
Owner   Sap login of the user responsible for transmission
Table Parameters Name and Description Field Name Field function
Objcont

Table to hold the body of the mail

Line Text lines up to 255 characters
Objhead

Table to hold number of lines in the body of the mail, i.e size of the table in lines

Line Text lines up to 255 characters
Objpara

Table to hold the set/get parameters to be transferred to the processing element

Name Name of the parameter. Only first three characters are used
  Option Not used
  Low Value of the parameter in name
  High Not used
Objparb

Table to hold information for mails to which a certain processing type is assigned. For a report or transaction with transfer of values to global memory, the table has to contain the parameters with relevant values. The memory id is taken from the first row. For a FM or dialog module, data in table will be transferred as table parameter msgdial

Name For report or transaction with transfer of values to global memory, the field for first row should hold the name of the memory id used for export and the other rows should hold the parameter names. For FM or dialog module this field should hold the values as per the usage of the module
  Value For report or transaction with transfer of values to global memory, the field for first row should remain empty and the other rows should hold values of the parameters. For FM or dialog module this field should hold the values as per the usage of the module
Receivers

Table to hold recipient details

Recnam SAP login of the recipient. Append all the recipients to this table
  Sndcp X for sending mail as a copy
  Sndex X for sending as express document. This will prompt a logged on recipient saying that he or she has received an express mail
  Recesc ‘B’ for SAP user

‘E’ for external email address

‘U’ for unix address

Export Parameters Name and Description Field name Field function
Object_id_new

Contains object id of document created during send process

   
Sent_to_all

X indicates that document was sent to all recipients. Flag is not activated if sending fails in one or more cases

   
Main Exceptions Name and Description Description
Too_much_receivers Number of recipients is greater than number for which sender is authorised to send
Object_not_sent Document was not delivered to any of the recipients
Object_not_exist Document class specified does not exist or cannot be sent
Object_no_authorisation Document could not be sent as one of the required authorisations does not exist
Parameter_error Invalid combination of parameter values transferred to FM
X_error Internal error occurred


Once all the parameters and table interfaces are properly filled, call the function module to send the SAP mail to the recipient inbox.

Care should be taken to report the status of execution of the function module to the user using one of the exceptions defined (refer function module pattern above)

Though SAP mail is a very robust method of interacting with users within SAP system, it is always good to receive email in Microsoft inbox. This also works like an additional notification to users in case they do not check SAP mail regularly. The next article covers sending E-mails using ABAP.

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