Lock objects are use in SAP to avoid the inconsistancy at the time of data is
being insert/change into database.
SAP Provide three type of Lock objects.
- Read Lock(Shared Locked)
protects read access to an object. The read lock allows other transactions
read access but not write access to
the locked area of the table
- Write Lock(exclusive lock)
protects write access to an object. The write lock allows other transactions
neither read nor write access to
the locked area of the table.
- Enhanced write lock (exclusive lock without cumulating)
works like a write lock except that the enhanced write lock also protects
from further accesses from the
You can create a lock on a object of SAP thorugh transaction SE11 and enter
any meaningful name start with EZ Example EZTEST_LOCK.
Use: you can see in almost all transaction when you are open an object in
Change mode SAP could not allow to any other user to open the same object in
Example: in HR when we are enter a personal number in master data
maintainance screen SAP can't allow to any other user to use same personal
number for changes.
When you create a lock object System automatically creat two function module.
1. ENQUEUE_<Lockobject name>. to insert the object in a queue.
2. DEQUEUE_<Lockobject name>. To remove the object is being queued through above
You have to use these function module in your program.